St. Augustine grass, a.k.a. St. Augustine (or Charleston grass, if you’re in South Carolina), is widely grown in the southern United States, especially along the Gulf Coast, and is a proven performer in this region. In general, it’s one of the easiest grasses to grow, which is one reason why it’s a top choice in warmer climates. It also stays green longer into the year than most varieties, which is another top reason to pick it. In zones where there are no frosts, it is possible to keep some varieties green throughout the year. St. Augustine survives better in the shade than any other warm-season grass (depending on the cultivar, see below for details). St. Augustine’s desirable traits don’t end here. It tolerates a wide range of soil conditions and has a dense, rich turf quality that does an excellent job of choking out or hiding weeds. It’s also a handsome grass, with wide leaves ranging in color from bright to dark green.

Cold Tolerance

One of St. Augustine’s drawbacks is its cold tolerance, or lack thereof. Simply put, older varieties have little to none, which made them less than ideal choices in areas where temperatures dip to below freezing. While this doesn’t significantly limit St. Augustine’s growing region, older strains typically perform best in tropical to sub-tropical areas. A good frost or two will definitely cause them to brown out. St. Augustine also is not a grass that stands up well to wear, which makes it a problematic choice for areas with high foot traffic.

Water Usage

Water requirements are another drawback to older St. Augustine varieties. Because St. Augustine is often grown in sandy coastal areas, older varieties need a fair amount of water to keep them green, especially in drought conditions. Its broad leaves can make older St. Augustine feel a little rough underfoot. Finally, fungal diseases can be an issue, and it’s also susceptible to a virus called St. Augustine grass Decline, or SAD.

Sod Tips

  • Lay sod immediately within 24 hours after delivery.
  • Lay sod pieces close together to avoid gaps.
  • Water sod immediately after installation.
  • Water sod 2″ per day for at least 14 days after installation.
  • In hot weather, soak sod thoroughly every day.
  • Do not fertilize new sod – Do not allow new sod to dry out.
  • Watering is the key until your new sod is matured (45 days).
  • Do not forget to mow within approximately 10 to 14 days after installation.

Sod Calculator


1 piece of sod is 16″ x “24”, which equals 2.75 square feet

A 500 square feet pallet contains approximately 180 pieces of sod.

To calculate how many pieces of sod you need, Measure total area (length x width) and divide by 2.75

Example: Area to lay sod is 10 ft x 10 ft = 100 sq ft. 100 sq ft divided by 2.75 = 36 pieces

Area = Length x Width

Area Calculations: Draw your site on paper as accurately as possible. Remember, Area = Length x Width.

Please Note: Calculators are an approximation only, as projects differ.